Gaoligong Mountain begins from the ranges of Nianqing-Tanggula in Tibet and lies on the border between China and Myanmar in the west of Yunnan Province. On its two sides-east and west- are Nujiang River (Salween River) and Yiluowadi River respectively.
As early as in 1983, Yunnan provincial government approved to establish Gaoligong Mountain Nature Reserve which mainly comprises Tengchong County and Longyang District of Baoshan Municipality, and Lushui County of Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture. It was promoted to state-level nature reserve in 1986, covering 12,500 hectares. In 2000 Nujang Nature Reserve was incorporated into Gaoligong Mountain Reserve which from that time began to neighbor Tibet in the north extending 400 kilometers from north to south. With the highest and lowest altitudes being respectively 5,128 and 720 meters above the sea level, Gaoligong Mountain Reserve covers over 400,000 hectares and is the largest nature reserve in Yunnan Province.
Gaoligong Mountain is famous for its peculiar geographic formations and abundant fauna and flora resources. It has been vividly dubbed as “A World Gene Data Base of Species”, “A Natural Museum” and “The Paradise of Pheasants and Finches”. In 1992, it was listed by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as Class-A nature reserve with international significance. The Report on Bio Diversity of National Conditions of China in 1997 determined China’s 17 bio-diversity-protecting zones of global importance; Gaoligong Mountain stood out as the vital part in the south section of Hengduan Ranges which take the first place among the 17 zones. In 2000, Gaoligong Mountain Reserve was further inscribed by UNESCO into the International Man and Biosphere Reserve Network.
What have been protected in Gaoligong Mt. Nature Reserve include 82 species of animals and 58 species of plants, some of which are: takin, Bengal tiger, white-cheeked gibbon, Lophophorus sclateri (Sclater's monal pheasant), tree fern, Chinese yew, Taiwania flousiana (bald cedar) and Alcimandra cathcartii (long-pistil magnolia) etc. Additionally, there are 16 ethnic groups living around Gaoligong Mt. Nature Reserve, such as Chinese Han, Lisu, Nu, Bai, Naxi, Dulong and Tibetan etc. Most of them benefit directly from the balanced eco-system.